Chicago’s hospitable Windy City Playhouse on Irving Park Road was founded in 2015 on a populist ideal: Create an affordable, fully professional neighborhood theater, program it with comedy and moving drama, and make it an appealing date-night spot for those who usually consume their dramatic entertainment by watching a screen.
Comfy (and swirling) leather recliners replaced theater seats.
Classification and description are essential to all archaeological work, and, as in botany and zoology, the first requirement is a good and objective taxonomy.
Second, there is a need for interpretive analysis of the material from which artifacts were made.
Clay-clay left behind by the melting glaciers when the European Ice Age came to an end. The application of this method to archaeology depends, obviously, on the use in antiquity of old datable trees in the construction of houses and buildings.
This gave a chronology of about 18,000 years—three times as long as the man-made chronology based on Egyptian and Mesopotamian king lists. It has been possible by dendrochronology to date prehistoric American sites as far back as the 3rd and 4th centuries carbon-14) present in bones, wood, or ash found in archaeological sites is measured.
Thus nonliterate communities can be dated by their contact with literate ones.
The other part is the interpretation in cultural and historical contexts of the facts established—by chance, by fieldwork, and by digging—about the material remains of man’s past. The first concern is the accurate and exact description of all the artifacts concerned.These tell him the environmental conditions in which the people he is studying lived; he now sees his material remains not as isolated artifacts but in the context of their original environments.Having analyzed his discoveries according to their form, material, and biological association, the archaeologist then comes to the all-important problem of dating.It is also now possible, entirely on a petrological basis, to study the prehistoric distribution of obsidian (a volcanic glass used to make primitive tools).In the third place, the archaeologist, having dealt with the material of his artifacts by classification and taxonomy, and with its physical nature by petrology and metallurgy, turns to the remaining information he can get from his colleagues in the natural sciences.